This National park is located in southwestern Uganda and is part of Bwindi impenetrable forest, it’s situated along the DR near to Virunga National Park. It’s in the albertine rift and is composed of 331 square kilometers of the forest. The park contains both Montane and lowland forest and is accessible only on foot. The park is also UNESCO heritage site. The national park provides habitant to 120 species of mammals, 348 bird species, 1000 flowering plants, 163 species of trees and 104 species of ferns.
This park is also a sanctuary of many colobus Monkeys, chimpanzees and bird species. It has got over 340 mountain gorillas which is half of the world’s remaining gorilla population. There are also four habituated mountain gorillas groups which are open for tourism purposes, these include; Mubare, Habinyanja, Rushegura and the Nkuringo group.
In 1964, the reserve was designated as an animal sanctuary in order to provide extra protection to its mountain gorillas and renamed the impenetrable central forest reserve. This park is 331 square kilometers away from the road and is composed of two blocks of the forest that are connected by a small corridor of the forest. The park has got diverse species and became an UNESCO world heritage site because of its ecological importance. The park has got the richest populations of trees, small animals, birds, butterflies, reptiles and the moths.
This forest is also afro montane, which is a rare vegetation type on the African continent. It’s located where the plain and the mountain forest met. The park has more than 200 tree species and more than 100 fern species. The park harbors the brown mahogany which is a threatened plant species found with in the park. This Ugandan safari park is thought to have the richest faunal communities in East Africa. It has an estimation of over 120 mammal species in the park, ten of which are primates and more than 45 of which are small mammal species. This safari park is also important for the conservation of afromontane fauna especially the endemic species to the western rift valley mountains.
The species in this park include; common chimps, L’Hoest monkeys, African elephants, African green broad bill, cream banded swallowtail, black and white colobus, red tailed monkeys, vervets and the giant forest hog. These species have greatly attracted many safaris to Uganda