Altitude: 1,160m – 5,109m above sea level.
Rwenzori Mountains National Park was announced a National Park in 1991 and was recognized globally as a World Heritage site in 1994 and Ramsar site in 2008. The highest point is 5,109m above sea level, and is on Mt Stanley’s Margherita Peak. Mt. Stanley is bisected by the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Rwenzori Mountains are not volcanic like East Africa’s other major mountains, but are blocks of rock, up-faulted through the floor of the Western Rift Valley. The Rwenzori Mountains were christened the “Mountains of the Moon” by the Alexandrine geographer Ptolemy in AD 150. The explorer Henry Stanley placed the Rwenzori on the map on 24th May 1888. He labeled it ‘Ruwenzori’, a local name which he recorded as meaning “Rain-Maker” or “Cloud-King.” The oldest recorded person to reach Margherita Peak was Ms Beryl Park aged 78 in 2010.
About Rwenzori Mountains National Park
Rwenzori Mountains – the Mountains of the Moon – lie in the western region of Uganda along the Uganda-Congo border. The equatorial snow peaks include the third highest point in Africa, while the lower slopes are covered in moorland, bamboo and rich, moist montane forest. Huge tree-heathers and colorful mosses are draped across the mountainside, with giant lobelias and “everlasting flowers”, creating an enchanting, fairytale scene.
Rwenzori Mountains National Park protects the highest parts of the 120km-long and 65km-wide Rwenzori mountain range. The national park hosts 70 mammals and 217 bird species including 19 Albertine Rift endemics, as well as some of the world’s rarest vegetation.
The Rwenzoris are a world-class hiking and mountaineering destination. A nine- to twelve-day trek will get skilled climbers to the summit of Margherita – the highest peak – though shorter, non-technical treks are possible to scale the surrounding peaks.
For those who prefer something a little less strenuous, neighboring Bakonzo villages offer nature walks, homestead visits home cultural performances and accommodation, including home-cooked local cuisine.
Featured Sights and Animals
Activities to look out for.
- Mountain Climbing
- Wildlife Seeing
- Bird Watching