Wildlife diversity in Nyungwe national park of Rwanda

Nyungwe rain forest is located in the southwestern Rwanda, at the border with Burundi, to the south, and the famous Lake Kivu and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west. This forest is probably the best of all the reserved montane rain forest in central Africa. It’s also located in the watershed between the basin of the River Congo to the west and the basin of the Nile River to the east. In the east side of Nyungwe forest, there are the branches of the Nile sources.

eeeeeeeThis national park was established in 2004 and it covers an area of 970km of rain forest, bamboo, grassland, swamps as well as bogs. The nearest town is Cyangugu which is 54km to the west. This national park has greatly attracted many tourists to come for chimpanzee trekking safaris and many other safaris to Rwanda.

Nyungwe forest has variety of wildlife species, making it a priority for conservation in Africa. The forest is situated in a region in which many large scale biogeographically zones meet and the variety of terrestrial biomes provides a great span of micro habitats for many different species of plants and animals. The park contains 13 primate species, 275 bird species, 1068 plant species, 85 mammals, 32 amphibian and 38 reptile species. Many of these animals are restricted range species which are only found in the Albertine Rift Montane Forests Eco region in Africa. The number of endemic species found here is greater than in any other forest in the Albertine Rift Mountains that has been surveyed.

This forest reaches its maximum altitude of 3000m above sea level, and is of particular interest for the presence of the colonies of Chimpanzees and the Angola colobus. The other primate species include; Silver monkeys, vervet monkeys, L’ Hoest’s monkey, Golden Monkey, Hamlyn’s monkey, Red tailed Monkey, Dent’s Mona Monkey, Olive Baboon, and the grey checked Mangabey.

This park has got many other tourist activities which can be engaged in Nyungwe national park by the tourists and these include; canopy walk, guided walks, golden monkey tracking, chimpanzee trekking and habituation, nature walks, bird watching and many more.

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